General Information


Official name: The Republic of Artsakh or the Nagorno Karabagh Republic

Capital: Stepanakert

State Language: Armenian

Religion: The majority of the population are Christian (Armenian Apostolic Church)

Main Law: Constitution (adopted through a nationwide referendum on Ferbruary 20, 2017)

Currency: Armenian Dram (AMD), put into circulation in 1993

Population: 148.1 thousand people (as of January 1, 2016)

Ethnic Composition: Armenians (99%), Russians, Ukrainians, Greeks, Georgians, Azerbaijanis, Belarussians and others

Territory12,493 km2, of which 1,041 km2 are under the occupation of Azerbaijan

Geographical Location: Southern Caucasus and borders with Republic of Armenia (from the West), Islamic Republic of Iran (from the South), Republic of Azerbaijan (from the North and East)

Time Zone: GMT+ 4.00

Climate: mostly mild and temperate, in some parts dry subtropical

Average atmospheric temperature: +10.9° C

Average volume of annual atmospheric precipitations: 587 mm

The average height above the sea level: 1100 m

The highest mountain peaks: Gomshasar (3724 m), Gzhasar (3616 m), Tskhud (3518 m), Mrav (3343 m), Mets Kirs (2725 m)

The largest rivers: Araks, Vorotan, Hagari, Tartar, Khachen.

Natural resources: zinc, lead, copper, gold, sulfuric pyrites, arsenic, manganese, iron, tungsten, mercury, chromium, antimony, molybdenum, marble, granite, tuff, basalt, limestone, Iceland spar, barite, pumice, zeolite, asbestos, perlite, marl, gypsum, coal.

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